For Further Reading
- Effective Teaching Online (Inside Higher Ed)
- Post-Traditional Learners (Chronicle of Higher Education)
- Professors Share Ideas for Building Community in Online Courses (O'Malley, 2017)
As online courses become routine offerings at institutions across the world, more professors who teach them are embracing the notion that “social presence,” a concept promoted by the researchers D. Randy Garrison, Terry Anderson and Walter Archer in the early 2000s, is critical to the success of the online learner.